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字段名称字段值
题名 麦积山石窟第127窟研究
姓名 孙晓峰
院系 历史文化学院
专业 佛教考古
学位名称 史学博士
外文题名 The Study on 127 Cave of the Majishan Grottoes
第一导师姓名 施萍婷
关键词 麦积山127窟;窟龛、壁画、形制;综合研究
外文关键词 127 cave of Msijishan grottoes;Comprehensive Study of the shape;images;mural paintings
学科 历史学
摘要 本文认为127窟开凿于西魏初年,是当时秦州刺史、武都王元戊为其母亲,西魏文帝前皇后乙弗氏开凿的功德窟。无论是窟龛形制、造像特点,还是壁画内容等都体现出当时长安、南朝以及东部地区佛教造像艺术特点,对于认识和了解北朝晚期以来关中及西北地区佛教艺术、佛教思想和佛教图像的发展、演变规律很有价值。 127窟的形制是受当时东部地区石窟寺和造像碑所盛行的仿帷帐式窟龛影响的结果。造像在延续麦积山北魏以来形成的三壁三佛组合样式的同时,在特征和风格方面充分继承和融合了当时南朝及洛阳、长安地区佛教造像特征。壁画内容丰富、场面宏大,集中展现了北魏晚期以来北方地区盛行的以涅槃、维摩、弥陀、七佛信仰等为主的大乘佛教思想,特别是西方净土图像和地狱图像的出现,很大程度上弥补了北朝晚期中原和长安地区民间关于这类信仰的兴起、发展和传播过程的缺憾和不足。以睒子孝行和舍身饲虎为代表的本生故事还融入了中国传统孝道文化和忠君思想。此外,本文还就127窟壁画与中国传统文化之间的关系,以及与其它地区造像艺术之间的关系进行了分析。 最后对127窟所涉及的宋代造像、佛教遗存等问题进行了分析和梳理,并提出了新的看法。
外文摘要 The Maijishan Grottoes reaches her three peak stages of cave digging in the North Wei Dynasty, the West Wei dynasty and the North Zhou dynasty during the Northern dynasties and the West Wei Dynasty has the closest relationship with the royal. In addition, thanks to the arrival of Queen Yi Fo, who was sent here as a Buddhist nun because of the lost of standing at West Wei’s royal court. The Maijishan Grottoes attain her opportunity of a new peek stage again after suffering years of chaos caused by war since the late years of the North Wei Dynasty. According to the comprehensive analyses and the reference to plenty relative documents, the paper holds the opinion that the 127 cave of the Maijishan Grottoes was completed by the district magistrate of Qinzhou, King Wu Du in the early years of the West Wei dynasty to commemorate his mother, QueenYi Fo. Both the structure of the cave and the characteristics of the statues inside show a quite different style, the contents of the frescoes does as well, which reflects the features of Buddhist statue in temporal Chang’an and the east region in the South Dynasties on the basics of local characteristics of art. As a result, the 127 cave of the Maijishan Grottoes shows great value of researching the development of Buddhist thoughts and art of midland even northwestern region in the late years of the North Dynasties. As a consequence of the effects caused by new caves of the cave temple in eastern area, the structure of the 127 cave looks like a drapery. This new combination of Chinese traditional architectural structure and goreign Buddhist grottoes plays a significant role in the growth of the Buddhist grottoes in the North Dynasties. Furthermore, the splendid frecoes in the 127 cave give expression to the main Buddhist thought, especially the frescoes of paradise and inferno, to a great extent, cover the shortage of the development and spread of folk Buddhism in Central Plains. For example, the story of Shanzi and the story of the young prince feeding a tiger embody both the worship of Sakyamuni and the filial duty and royalty to emperors in traditional Chinese values. The paper not only explained the strutures of the cave and the contents of statues and frescoes but also researched the growth of the Buddhist thoughts the cave reflects, the origin of Buddhist images, its artistic techniques of the statues and frescoes, the relationship with Chinese traditional cultures. Besides, the relationship of the cave and ...
研究领域 佛教石窟考古