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题名 我国研究生教育宏观结构的发展与改革研究
姓名 包水梅
院系 教育学院
专业 高等教育学
学位名称 教育学硕士
外文题名 The study about the development and reformation of
第一导师姓名 王根顺
关键词 研究生教育;宏观结构;发展;改革;调整
外文关键词 the postgraduate education;macrostructure;development;reformation;adjust
学科 教育学
摘要 调整与改革研究生教育的宏观结构,是协调研究生教育规模扩张与质量提升之关系的有效选择。本研究以“我国研究生教育宏观结构的发展与改革研究”为题,分别对我国研究生教育的层次结构、科类结构、形式结构、区域结构进行了探讨。 以阐述研究生教育层次结构合理化的标准为基础,对我国研究生教育层次结构的发展现状与问题进行了定量分析,提出理清博士与硕士两种学位的分野、从总体上控制一个合理的比例关系、实行研究生培养单位的任务分工、实施研究生教育形式的多样化、分别不同科类不同专业调整研究生教育层次等是优化我国研究生教育层次结构的基本对策。 针对科类结构,本研究分析了其存在与转换的机制和动力,全面剖析了目前我国研究生教育科类结构的发展状况及存在的问题,并以描述我国研究生教育科类结构调整面临的新形势为基础,提出要预测社会发展对各科类人才的需求趋势、协调各科类间的比例关系、保证科类结构在层次上差异互补、对不同的学科专业设计不同的教育过程等。 本研究还分析了我国研究生教育形式结构形成与发展的过程,剖析了目前我国研究生教育形式结构存在的问题,如不同的研究生教育形式之间缺乏特色和差异、各种形式的研究生教育发展不协调等,并针对以上问题提出了调整和改革我国研究生教育形式结构的基本对策。 透过我国研究生教育区域结构的现状,本研究重点分析了其形成的社会历史原因,并从提高高等教育办学效益和研究生教育质量、区域经济协调发展和教育机会平等等不同角度对现有的研究生教育区域结构进行了评价,并提出了优化我国研究生教育区域结构的基本原则和策略。
外文摘要 Adjusting and reforming the macrostructure of the postgraduate education are the utility preference to coordinate the relations between its size and quality. In the paper, we use “the study of the development and reformation of the macrostructure of the postgraduate education in China” as its theme and discuss the level structure, the disciplines structure, the form structure and the district structure of Chinese postgraduate education respectively. The study is based on the elaboration of the standard of the rationalization of the level structure and makes a quantitative analysis about the current situation and problems of the level structure in China. Then we put forward a series of basic measures to optimize it, such as finding out the difference between the doctor'' degree and the master'' degree, keeping a rational proportion between them, dividing the work for different units of the postgraduate education, diversifying the styles of the postgraduate education and adjusting postgraduates'' educational levels from different disciplinary and majors. With regard to the disciplines structures, we analyzes the mechanism and motive of its existence and transformation and dissects its develop condition and problems. based on the new situation which the disciplines structures of the postgraduate education is facing, The study puts forward many measures to adjust and reform the disciplines structures of the postgraduate education, for example, predicting the demand trend of the society for different talented persons, coordinating the proportion between different disciplinary, ensure the complementation of the disciplines structures in different levels, designing different educational courses for different majors. As for the form structure, the study analyzes its formation and development in chinese and dissects the problems, such as lacking of characteristics and differences between different types of postgraduate education, the development of different types of postgraduate education is not coordinate, and so on. Besides, we also puts forward some plans to solve them. By analyzing the current district structure of Chinese postgraduate education, the study analyzes its social and historical clauses for its formation. it also evaluates the domain structure from three different angles which are to improve the efficiency of higher education and the quality of the postgraduate education, to promote the coordinated development ...
研究领域 学位与研究生教育
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