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题名 生态移民安置地区原住民与移民融合过程的实证分析
姓名 王蓉
院系 资源环境学院
专业 资源环境与城乡规划管理
学位名称 理学学士
外文题名 Ecological resettlement area with an empirical analysis of the integration process
第一导师姓名 李丁
关键词 生态移民;移民新村;原住民;社区群体;社区群体融合理论;天祝藏族自治县
外文关键词 Ecological migration;Immigration Village;Originally lived in the village of the villagers;Community groups;Community integration theory;Tianzhu Tibetan autonomous county
学科 理学
摘要 近年来,为了保护和恢复生态脆弱区的环境,很多地方实施了生态移民政策,将原住在这些地方的村民通过政府强制或者企业吸引进行整村搬迁或者插入式搬迁。生态移民政策给移民迁出地带来的环境和生态效益受到了广泛的关注和好评,但由于生态移民村同时存在原住民与移民,并且二者的家庭结构、收支结构、财产状况及生产资料的分配等存在着差异,因此导致生态移民村存在着很多内在的问题与矛盾。本文以甘肃省天祝藏族自治县的黄草川移民新村及马营坡村村民作为研究对象,通过问卷调查和访谈对移民与原住民的家庭结构、收支结构、财产状况及生产资料的分配进行分析和比较,得出正是由于以上因素的差异导致移民对移民村的认同感及归属感不强,尤其是移民的留守意愿不强。最后以社区群体融合理论为指导,提出在移民村的建设过程中应加强心理构建,并提出对移民进行整村搬迁,社区组织机构建设及加强移民凝聚力等三个改善方案。
外文摘要 In recent years, in order to protect and restore the environment ecologically fragile areas, many local implementation of ecological migration policy of indigenous villagers in these areas through the government or companies to attract compulsory for relocation of entire villages or plug removal. Ecological migration policy to emigration to the environmental and ecological benefits received widespread attention and praise, but because of ecological migrants Village exist Aboriginal and immigrant, and both family structure, income structure, property status and production information there are differences of distribution, thus leading to the village there are many ecological migrants inherent problems and contradictions. In this paper, Gansu Province, Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County of Huangcao Chuan immigrants Village and Ma Ying Po village as the research object, through questionnaires and interviews on immigration and Aboriginal family structure, income structure, property status and production data analysis and distribution of comparison, the difference is due to the above factors lead to the village of immigrants are not strong sense of identity and belonging, especially the immigrants left behind will is not strong. Finally, community groups fusion theory, proposed the construction of the village in the immigration process should strengthen psychological construct, and proposed relocation of entire villages for immigrants, community organizations and management of common immigration cohesion three improvement.
研究领域 人文地理;社会学
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