With the development of "big data era", scientific data have penetrated into many aspects of scientific activities. Therefore, exploring efficient alternatives to past data protection has attracted considerable attention in the future and still remains a major challenge. At the early stage of our country to promote the practice of the scientific data sharing, because of less attention on the protection of intellectual property rights, so the interests of the data producer cannot be protected, and actually block the development of the scientific data sharing.
In this paper, we conduct two aspects of intellectual property protection and data license, several intellectual properties and data licensing were introduced include the concepts and connotations. The importance of intellectual property protection and data license for scientific data sharing is explained in the aspects of its characteristic, function and concrete application. From the perspective of scientific data center, in order to resolve the contradiction between protection of intellectual property rights and scientific data sharing, we prompt a data management method to strengthen the data sharing. From the perspective of promoting data sharing, we conduct to establish a set of suitable data licensing for scientific data sharing, for realizing the protection the rights and obligations of data producers who sharing the data to science research, as well as the data protection of intellectual property rights, to promote the formation of the scientific data sharing environment, and realize the leapfrog and sustainable development of data sharing in China.
Based on the present development situation of Environmental and Ecological Science Data Center of Western China, the existing problem of protection of intellectual property rights and scientific data sharing, and relevant scientific data protection problems are analyzed. And the data licensing prototype framework was also designed for the data center.