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题名 女性·尊重·规划 ——基于女性视角的城市规划设计研究探索
姓名 薛海燕
院系 资源环境学院
专业 城市与区域规划
学位名称 理学硕士
外文题名 Women·respect·planning ——Exploratory research on urban planning and design from female perspective
第一导师姓名 张旺锋
关键词 女性视角;女性主义;女性需求;城市规划设计
外文关键词 Female perspective;feminism;women demands;urban planning and design
学科 理学
摘要 长期以来,女性的社会地位整体低于男性,处于附属地位,男性思维在城市规划中起主导作用,现行的规划理念对于人性的关注,尤其是女性的关怀较少。产生于19世纪末的西方女性主义规划学开始关注女性在城市生活中的一系列问题,如女性就业、女性行为特征等,然而,这一理念在我国尚未被普遍接受和认可。随着经济社会的发展和进步,城市研究不再局限于最初的解决人类基本的衣食住行等基本生活问题,开始关怀人性,倡导以人为本,更加关注城市如何使生活更美好,另一方面,女性的社会地位不断提升,对城市的参与度也逐步增强, 同时产生了更加多样化和更高层次的需求。因此,城市研究有必要给与女性足够的关注和尊重。 论文从女性视角出发,首先研究了城市生活中女性的独特需求,并从居住、交通、就业和游憩四个方面指出了两性在日常城市生活中的需求差异;接着对传统规划理念和现行规划实践进行了解读和反思,指出了传统规划理念和现行规划设计实践中忽视女性需求的地方;最后,论文指出城市规划设计可以从规划标准规范的人文化、城市职能性质的特色化、城市发展模式的紧凑化、城市空间结构的混合化、交通体系规划的人性化、用地布局规划的便利化、设施布局规划的合理化、规划公众参与的积极化八个总规层面,交通设施配置的便捷化、居住空间规划的交流化、公共空间规划的安全化和景观风貌规划的独特化四个详规层面,以及城市形象定位的品牌化、公共设施配置的关怀化、城市路标识别的醒目化和环境空间设计的精致化四个设计层面,构建总规——详规——设计的规划设计体系,在规划设计实践中实现对女性需求的尊重。 从性别角度思考城市规划设计问题,是“以人为本”观念的深入和扩展,只有尊重女性、关怀人性的理念深入规划设计实践中,才能从真正意义上体现对人的尊重和关怀,从而实现人性化规划设计。
外文摘要 As a whole, woman’s social status is lower than men for a long history, which is subsidiary. Man’s thought plays a leading role in urban planning. It pays little attention to human, especially to women, in current planning concepts. The Western feminism planning school has begun to focus on women, since it generated by the end of the 19th century, especially on problems in city life, such as women employment, behavior characteristics. However, it has not been accepted and approved in China. With the development of economy and the progress of society, researchers begin to focus on people-oriented theme, and pay more attention to the issue—how city make life more beautiful, no longer limit to basic life problems. On the other hand, woman’s social status becomes higher and higher. Women take much more part in city life, and begin to pursuit diverse and higher-level demands. Thus it is necessary and important to pay close attention and respect to women in urban studies. This paper studies on woman’s unique demands in city life, and analyses the difference of woman’s and man’s demands from four aspects: housing, transportation, employment and recreation. Then the author analyses the traditional planning concepts and current planning practices from feminism perspective, and points out how the concepts and practices ignore woman’s needs in city life. Finally, the paper indicates it is essential to respect woman’s demands from the following three aspects: overall planning, detailed planning and urban design. Concretely speaking, much more importance should be paid to the following eight parts in the overall urban planning: the humanism of planning standards, the characterization of city function, the compacting of urban developing pattern, the commixture of urban land structure, the humanity of transportation system, the facilitation of land layout, the rationalization of facilities layout and the activation of public participation. What’s more, it can be improved from the following four aspects in detailed planning: the convenience of transport facilities, the communication of residential space, the safety of public space and the feature of landscape. In addition, planners should focus on the following four portions in urban design: the branding of city orientation, the consideration of public facilities, the striking of urban road sign recognition and the refinement of environmental space. It is the deep and spread research on “people-oriented” t...
研究领域 城市与区域规划
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