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题名 轨道交通对兰州城市发展的影响 及响应措施研究
姓名 马晓理
院系 资源环境学院
专业 城市与区域规划
学位名称 理学硕士
外文题名 Research on the Influence and the Response Measures of Rail Transit to the Development of Lanzhou
第一导师姓名 张旺锋
关键词 轨道交通;城市发展;影响;响应措施
外文关键词 Rail transit; urban development;effect;response measures
学科 理学
摘要 随着城市化的不断推进,交通问题成为我国大城市普遍面临的问题。轨道交通因具有快速、准时、大运量、低碳、环保等优势被大城市所垂青,逐渐成为缓解地面交通压力、引导城市合理发展的有效手段之一。兰州市目前开始建设轨道交通,有必要解读轨道交通建设对兰州未来发展的影响,并提前采取一些措施,促进轨道交通效益最大化。本文首先从历史视角出发,解读演进过程中兰州城市发展与交通方式之间的关系。其次,基于引力场模型和可达性对比分析轨道交通建成前后兰州城市发生的变化,并从正反两方面分析轨道交通对兰州城市发展带来的影响,正面影响主要有优化城市空间结构、调整城市功能布局、改变站点周边土地利用以及改善城市环境等,负面影响主要有直接带来的噪声、振动、电磁干扰和站点周边污染物增加的影响与可能带来的站点周边土地过度开发和城关核心区的过度集聚等影响。最后,从正反两方面提出响应措施,促进兰州轨道交通效益最大化,增强正面影响的措施主要有促进区域均衡发展、重组城市综合交通系统和加强站点周边的控制引导等方面,抑制负面影响的措施主要有通过技术减少影响、强化环卫设施管理、加强控规监控引导以及疏解城关核心区职能等方面。
外文摘要 With the development of urbanization, the traffic problem has become a big problem to big cities. Rail transit is preferenced by big cities because it has the advantages of rapid, punctual, large capacity, low carbon and environmental protection. It is gradually becoming one of the means to ease the ground traffic pressure and guide the rational development of the city. Lanzhou is currently starting to build rail transportation, so it is necessary to reveal the influence which the rail transit construction will bring to the future development of Lanzhou, and take some measures ahead of time to maximize the benefits which the rail transit will bring. Firstly, this paper unscrambles the evolving relation between Lanzhou development and transportation starting from the historical perspective. Secondly, based on gravity field model and accessibility model this paper analyses the change which will happen to city before and after rail transit construction, then this paper analyses the effect which rail transit will bring to Lanzhou pro and con. The positive effects mainly include guiding the city space form, adjusting the city layout, changing the land use surrounding the site and improving the urban environment.The negative effects mainly include the direct impact noise of vibration, electromagnetic interference, increasing pollutants, and the possible impact of the land over exploited surrounding the site and excessive agglomeration in the core area of Chengguan. Finally, from two aspects of positive and negative, this paper puts forward some corresponding measures to maximize the benefits which the rail transit brings.The positive impact of response measures mainly are leading the regional balanced development, restructuring city comprehensive transportation system, strengthening the control and guide of the land surrounding the site. The negative impact of response measures mainly are reducing the impact by technology, strengthening the management of sanitation facilities, strengthening monitoring and management of the control regulation and easing the function of chengguan’s core area.
研究领域 城市与区域规划
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