Silk Road is a symbol of Eastern and Western cultures and the world of communication and exchange of civilizations. With the 2013 President Xi Jinping put forward the new concept of "Silk Road economic belt" and the 2014 "Silk Road" inscription successful speech in Kazakhstan, "Silk Road" to revive under the public view.
In September 2010, led by the Gansu Provincial Museum, 23 Museum together domestic co-founded the China Museum Fair "Silk Road" along the museum professional committees. After the professional committee set up by strengthening regional cooperation and northwestern provinces, launched jointly by the five northwestern provinces cultural units "Silk Road - Northwest Legacy." In this paper, "Northwest Legacy - Silk Road relics exhibition" as the research object, the Silk Road space reconstruction and cultural representation issues. This paper mainly studies using culture methods, using in-depth interviews and participant observation method, the museum managers, curators, exhibition staff and enter the "Legacy" exhibition audience, etc. conducted interviews and observation. In the access to the "Legacy" exhibition of preliminary data, the author mainly uses comparative cultural studies, case studies and iconography methods acquired data collation and analysis. Innovation of this paper is that, in order to spread the Perspective of cultural exhibitions and exhibits for analysis, study how to better display the Fair Trade Silk Road culture.