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题名 夏河藏族纠纷解决方式研究
姓名 杨雅妮
院系 民族学研究院
专业 马克思主义民族理论与政策
学位名称 法学博士
外文题名 A Study of the Tibetan Dispute Resolutions in Xiahe County
第一导师姓名 崔明德
关键词 夏河藏族纠纷解决;习惯法;国家法;协调与互动
外文关键词 the Tibetan dispute resolutions in Xiahe County;the customary law;the state law;coordination and interaction
学科 法学
摘要 通过研究发现,在夏河藏族的纠纷解决方式当中,既有源自“习惯法”体系的,也有源自“国家法”体系的。“习惯法”体系中的纠纷解决方式主要包括“群体械斗”、“多元化的民间调解”、“吃咒”等,而“国家法”体系中的纠纷解决方式则以诉讼为典型代表。由于不同类型的纠纷解决方式在形成原因、文化背景、适用范围、运作方式、实际效果及发展前景等方面各不相同,因此,它们在夏河藏族的纠纷解决过程中虽“竞争共存”,但冲突与碰撞不断,这种现象从根本上导致了夏河藏族纠纷解决秩序的混乱。 除绪论和结语外,整个研究可以分为三个部分,共五章: 第一部分(第一、二章)是现状描述。这部分以“浅描+深描”的手法,不仅在宏观上向人们展示了夏河藏族纠纷解决方式的多元化事实及其形成原因,而且结合具体个案,对当前在夏河藏族纠纷解决过程中重要而典型的“群体械斗”、“多元化的民间调解”、“吃咒”及“诉讼”等纠纷解决方式进行了文化解释。 第二部分(第三章)是问题分析。这部分将夏河藏族的纠纷解决方式分为“习惯法”和“国家法”两种不同体系,分别对“习惯法”体系中的“群体械斗”、“多元化的民间调解”、“吃咒”及“国家法”体系中的诉讼在当前纠纷解决过程中存在的问题进行了分析。 第三部分(第四、五章)是对策建议。这部分内容既涉及到不同类型纠纷解决方式的自我完善与发展,又涉及到不同知识体系中纠纷解决方式之间的“协调与互动”。
外文摘要 The research shows that the Xiahe Tibetan disputes are resolved by both the “customary law” system and the “state law” system. The “customary law” system includes "group fights", "pluralistic civil mediation", "eat Curse", etc. while the “state law” system represents itself mainly as litigation. However, the types of dispute resolution are formed because of the difference in cause, cultural background, scope of usage, mode of operation, the actual results, prospects in development and etc. Hence, in the process of the Tibetan dispute resolution, conflict and collision in Xiahe County never stop though the types of dispute resolution are so called "competitive coexistence", which is actually the root cause of the chaos in terms of dispute resolution. In addition to the introduction and the conclusion, the entire research is divided into three parts: The first part (Chapters 1 and 2) describes the current situation and puts forward the research problems/research questions. It presents the diverse facts of the Xiahe Tibetan dispute resolutions and their causes, interprets culturally the Xiahe Tibetan dispute resolution process, including important and typical Xiahe Tibetan dispute cases such as "group fights”, "pluralistic civil mediation", "eat curse" and "litigation" , etc. The second part (Chapter 3) is about the analysis of the problems. It is examined from two perspectives, the "customary law" system and the “state law" system. The problems existing in the Xiahe Tibetan dispute resolution process such as "group fights”, "pluralistic civil mediation”, and "Eat curse"in the "customary law" system are carefully analyzed. So also are the problems and the litigation in the "state law" system. The third part (Chapter4, chapter 5) is about countermeasures and suggestions. It considers both the self-improvement and the development of different types of dispute resolution and how "coordination and interaction" can be carried out between different knowledge systems of dispute resolution.
研究领域 民族理论与民族问题
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